With regard to amnesty, the notables of each of these sects have been confirmed in their function of maintaining law and order. With this restoration, the elites were “rehabilitated in the eyes of the state.”  Efendi forced municipal notables to sign and accept a peace treaty based on the same principle as the 1839 amnesty: “Let the past pass.” The past of transgression was abolished and the status quo of sectarian political harmony was emphasized under the benevolence of Ottoman rule. Once again, the leaders of the sects were protected in their position and the inhabitants of Lebanon had to submit to the domination of the local and Ottoman notables.  Peace was established in the region under the amnesty law passed in 1845, but the source of sectarian conflicts was not resolved and sect distrust increased.  Victims, their families and human rights organizations -. B for example Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Human Rights Watch, Humanitarian Law Project – have opposed such laws through demonstrations and litigation, because an amnesty law violates local constitutional and international law by maintaining impunity. Following the government`s decision on disarmament, a general amnesty law (Law 84/91) was passed on 28 August 1991 by the Lebanese parliament, including several former militiamen appointed to fill vacant seats. The amnesty law, reminiscent of the general amnesty adopted following the 1958 civil war, applied to all political and war crimes, including crimes against humanity and human dignity committed before the date of 28 March 1991. Only crimes against political and religious leaders were excluded from the law. The law, which includes kidnapping and taking hostages, pardons crimes normally punishable under Article 569 of the Lebanese Penal Code, which provides for life imprisonment for these crimes.  “All parties must ensure that the peace agreement ends nearly two decades of suffering inflicted on civilians. People need to be able to go home and rebuild their lives with dignity. By adopting an amnesty law that “wanted to present Lebanon as a national community”, capable of “manipulating ideological differences and even armed conflicts”, the political elite promoted a policy of “No Victor, No Vanquished”, , similar to the 1958 amnesty policy. The political elite reconciled on mutual interests and armed opponents were encouraged to put aside their differences to share political power.  A second Amnesty related to Lebanon, which also attempted to restore social order and regenerate loyalty to the powers in power, was accepted in 1845 by the Ottoman Foreign Minister, Sakib Efendi. Some armed groups have not signed the agreement, which could be an obstacle to its success. From the beginning, the Sudanese Liberation Movement/Army Abdul Wahid Nur (SLM/A-AW), one of Darfur`s main armed groups, has refused to participate in peace talks.
Nor has any agreement been reached with the People`s Movement for the Liberation of the South (SPLM-N) led by Abdel Aziz al-Hilu, which controls parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. In December 2005, the Government of Afghanistan adopted the Action Plan for Peace, Justice and Reconciliation and discussed at length the importance of the plan on criminal responsibility. Subsequently, Parliament passed a bill that provided for an almost general amnesty for all parties to the Afghan conflict. Today`s signing of the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance of nine political and armed groups from different parts of the country, including states affected by the conflicts of Blue Nile, Darfur and Southern Kordofan, must meet the people`s aspirations for dignity and justice, Amnesty International said today.